Sakhalin II Crude Oil and Liquified Natural Gas, Sakhalin Island, Russia
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摘要:Project TypeLNG and crude oil infrastructure expansionLocationSakhalin Island, RussiaProduction LNG export to Japan (9.6 million t/y), crude oil and LNG production increase and extension to year round productionEstimated Investment$20bnCompletion2..

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Project Type
LNG and crude oil infrastructure expansion
Location
Sakhalin Island, Russia
Production
LNG export to Japan (9.6 million t/y), crude oil and LNG production increase and extension to year round production
Estimated Investment
$20bn
Completion
2009

Since 2001 the Sakhalin Island oil and gas project has been preparing to enter a new phase of production, with an extensive expansion project underway. The expansion involves an increase in crude oil production by way of new platforms and also the construction of a new liquefied natural gas (LNG) infrastructure for export of natural gas to international markets.

The project is led by the Sakhalin Energy Investment Company (SEIC) and will require a total investment of over $20bn (the original estimate of $10bn was revised in 2005 and some Russian agencies estimate the final investment at $28bn).

Map of Sakhalin Island showing major towns.

The Sakhalin Energy Investment Company is a joint venture between Gazprom (50% and one share) Royal Dutch / Shell Group (27.5%), Mitsui & Company (12.5%) and Diamond Gas-Mitsubishi Corporation (10%). Gazprom took a 50% stake in the project in 2006 (Russian Government exerted pressure through environmental concerns) for Ŭ50m.

Oleg Mitvol of the Russian Federal Service for the Oversight of Natural Resources threatened to revoke environmental authorisation for the Sakhalin II oil and gas production project in September 2006 (supported by Vladimir Putin).

"The Sakhalin Island oil and gas expansion project is underway."

By March 2007 the environmental dispute with the Russian Government had ended. Environmental controversy over the project however continues (salmon fishing, reindeer herding, Pacific grey whale and oil spillage risk).

PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY CONTRACTS

The sea around the Vityaz Production Complex is covered in ice for six months of the year and therefore production from Phase 1 is limited to the ice-free summer months.

Phase 1 of the Sakhalin Island project focused on oil development and went into seasonal production during mid-1999 at the Vityaz Production Complex. Phase 2 of the project is an integrated oil and gas development that will allow year-round oil and gas production. Of particular importance is the construction of new LNG infrastructure for the convenient export of gas.

SEIC has signed several deals with Japanese ndash; Tokyo Gas (1.1 million tons a year for 24 years from May 2003) Tokyo Electric Power Co (1.5 million tons a year for 22 years from May 20030 and Kyushu Electric Power Company (0.5 million tons a year for 21 years from 2003) – and Korean companies to supply LNG for the next 25 years. The Sakhalin II license area accounts for only 10% of the abundant hydrocarbon base of the Sakhalin shelf. Sakhalin II is creating